caffeine and depression


(14). (44), The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), widely considered psychiatry’s “bible,” lists both caffeine addiction and caffeine withdrawal as recognized mental disorders. Heavy coffee consumption and a high intake of caffeine can result in side effects such as: Caffeine can also cause agitation, tremors, nervousness, and sleeplessness. Social anxiety, depression, and dating app use: What is the link? (43). Instead of causing depression, some experts believe caffeine may reduce its effects. About 50% of the test subjects became depressed during the period where they were getting caffeine and sucrose. Caffeine is a stimulant present in coffee and tea, among other foods and beverages. Not all tea is less effective than coffee at reducing the risk of depression. Type 2 diabetes: Drug duo may remain effective for 2 years, Magic mushroom therapy found effective for treating depression. So, you may be eager to know whether caffeine can help your mood right now. There is a reason for this effect and it relates to the chronic effects of caffeine on the brain. ➤ Works with your type of brainwave patterns. When researchers in China performed a meta-analysis that included over 330,000 study participants, they also concluded that coffee and caffeine consumption were significantly associated with a decreased risk of depression. (49). Caffeine can exacerbate the symptoms of: (35, 36, 37), Being pregnant or taking birth control pills doubles the usual half-life of caffeine, giving you twice the jolt from any caffeine you consume. A 2019 analysis of data from 80,173 people found that drinking one to four cups of coffee per day reduced the risk of suicidal ideation in women. A study that followed 80,000 women for 10 years found that coffee drinking lowered their risk of suicide. Depression and anxiety commonly occur together and there’s no doubt that caffeine exacerbates anxiety. Caffeine readily enters the brain where it alters the activity of two neurotransmitters of particular importance for depression: serotonin and dopamine. Scientific evidence supports that caffeine can benefit depression, but it’s not right for everyone and all situations. Some components in coffee might counteract the negative effects of depression, according to one 2014 Japanese study. When theories and concepts do not have consensus support of the scientific community, we present both sides of the issue. Drinking these beverages in moderation is unlikely to be harmful, however. One study on middle school students linked caffeine use to: The more caffeine students drank, the worse the severity of their depression. (48), Drinking 2 to 3 cups per day reduced the risk of depression by 15% over the course of the study. The study also identified that green tea has a high antioxidant content and can be as effective as coffee in protecting against depression. (41), As an addictive substance, caffeine not only impacts your mood when you use it, but when you stop using it as well. This is no coincidence — all these substances increase dopamine. Does caffeine make depression worse? This is the body’s natural response to high adrenalin or potentially threatening situations. One of the main foods to avoid is refined sugar. The review maintains that in people with depression, a shortage of or disruption to dopamine can cause low motivation and a craving for stimulants. If a person has concerns about possible depression, the first step should be to seek consultation with a doctor and commence treatment. Michael T. Murray, N.D., is a naturopathic physician regarded as one of the world's top authorities on natural medicine. Consuming 400 milligrams of caffeine is generally considered safe for most people, but this includes total daily caffeine intake from food, beverages, and supplements. (17), The release of pro-inflammatory cytokines can contribute to: (18, 19), Coffee contains a slew of anti-inflammatory compounds — chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, caffeic acid, nicotinic acid, trigonelline, quinolinic acid, tannic acid, and pyrogallic acid — that can reduce the brain inflammation associated with depression. These acids can reduce the inflammation of nerve cells that takes place in the brains of people with depression. Read more to find out…, Drinking coffee can do much more than provide an energy boost. There’s some evidence that caffeine contributes to depression, particularly in young consumers. I'd advise anyone who is prone to depression, insomnia, anxiety, or any psychological disorder to avoid caffeine as much as possible. Yes, and You Can Help, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRI), flu-like symptoms (nausea, vomiting, and muscle pain). In fact, 50% of those who cut back on caffeine experience headaches. Last medically reviewed on August 19, 2019, Depression is a common mental health problem that involves a low mood and a loss of interest in activities. A quality brain supplement can make a big difference.

Scientific... Possible risks. Personally, I can’t drink caffeine after 2 pm and still expect to get a good night’s sleep. However, it may also make symptoms worse. (27), It can take as little as two, or as many as ten, hours after caffeine ingestion to metabolize half of it. Copyright © 2020 Be Brain Fit & Blue Sage, LLC.

You’ll notice that all of the studies above involved lowering the risk of depression and did not address alleviating symptoms of depression. They may worsen depression, insomnia, and anxiety. Other than that, the only way to know for sure if caffeine can help your symptoms of depression is to give it a try. ➤ Result: Improved concentration, retention, productivity.

Caffeine can cause sleep problems that affect mood. If you buy a third-party product via a link on our website, we earn compensation, but at no extra cost to you. Caffeine also makes dopamine in the brain work better by increasing the amount of it that binds to dopamine receptors. All rights reserved.

Instead of taking a caffeine pill, mild depression could respond well to moderate consumption of caffeinated beverages (three cups of coffee or tea spread out over the day) and may be a better choice.

Evidence That Caffeine Reduces the Risk of Depression, How Caffeine Alleviates Depression Symptoms, Caffeine Increases Mood-Boosting Brain Chemicals, Coffee and Caffeine Are Anti-Inflammatory, Who Should Not Use Caffeine for Depression, 1. More research is needed to determine the impact of caffeine on depression and other mood disorders.

We also examine which other foods and beverages that people who have depression should consume, as well as those they may wish to avoid. While coffee is by far the most common source of caffeine in most Western countries, it’s not necessarily the best source for treating depression. Start low, around 100 mg per day, and gradually work your way up to larger amounts. The analysis included the data of 346,913 individuals, of whom 8,146 had depression. (22). If you can cut sugar out of your diet too, even better. Stimulant substances also trigger this reaction. There’s a substantial body of scientific evidence that caffeine is beneficial for reducing the risk of depression. Not all studies agree that caffeine only has positive effects for people with … Never self-medicate depression, and speak with a doctor to determine whether or not caffeine supplements are right before beginning any supplement. © 2004-2020 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. One experiment suggested that the chemical effects of caffeine can prevent brain receptors from responding to stressful situations.

It’s suspected that they do this to reduce their medication’s side effects, specifically to improve their cognitive function and boost their ability to feel pleasure. Other studies have implicated that depressed patients tend to consume fairly high amounts of caffeine (e.g., greater than 700 mg/day, or about 7 cups of coffee). If you have both depression and anxiety, as many people do, the benefits of caffeine for depression almost certainly do not outweigh the cost of increased anxiety. In this article, we look at both the positive and negative possible effects of caffeine in people with depression. All rights reserved. What does this mean for people who drink caffeine and live with depression? (11), But these drugs work for only 40% of those who use them, so clearly, low serotonin is not always the cause. These symptoms are similar to those of the body’s “fight-or-flight” mode. Taking schizophrenia patients off caffeine has been found to improve many of their symptoms. (4), A study of over 10,000 people of all age groups linked coffee consumption with reduced risk of depression. While caffeine generally provides a short-term boost of positive energy, some studies show that it may also have a positive effect on chronic depression as well. Minimize Caffeine Intake If You Have Insomnia, 3. If a person triggers this response too often by consuming excessive amounts of caffeine, it could lead to increased levels of anxiety.

(55). Some studies suggest that coffee may work to counter the negative effects of depression. The worst sources of caffeine are those that also contain sugar, such as: Caffeine and sugar compound each other’s negative effects and may be worse for depression than either alone. Caffeine achieves many of its effects by blocking the activity of adenosine, a neurotransmitter that makes you tired and sleepy. A major review of studies that included over 346,000 participants examined the link between caffeine and depression. (13), Dopamine is the neurotransmitter most closely associated with motivation, focus, and productivity. Researchers have found clusters of other common caffeine withdrawal symptoms.

We provide links to relevant products that may help you achieve your brain health and performance goals more easily and quickly. Caffeine only provides a temporary boost to the nervous system. See Terms of Use for details. (24, 25). (56).

Our articles are based on high-quality, widely accepted, research-based information.

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