The word grammar is derived from Greek γραμματικὴ τέχνη (grammatikē technē), which means "art of letters", from γράμμα (gramma), "letter", itself from γράφειν (graphein), "to draw, to write". Which - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary There are various alternative schemes for some grammars: Grammars evolve through usage and also due to separations of the human population. terms, irregular verbs, phrasal verbs and idioms. Pronunciation of Standard Chinese is based on the local accent of Mandarin Chinese from Luanping, Chengde in Hebei Province near Beijing, while grammar and syntax are based on modern vernacular written Chinese. In contrast, “what” indicates you don’t know anything or you don't want to assume anything about the person’s nationality. To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. In the United States, the Society for the Promotion of Good Grammar designated March 4th as National Grammar Day in 2008. In addition to the UsingEnglish.com team of staff WHOSE—OBJECT OF CLAUSE: The car whose¹ lines I love is beautiful. the classroom. Belonging to the trivium of the seven liberal arts, grammar was taught as a core discipline throughout the Middle Ages, following the influence of authors from Late Antiquity, such as Priscian. Norwegian has two standards, Bokmål and Nynorsk, the choice between which is subject to controversy: Each Norwegian municipality can either declare one as its official language or it can remain "language neutral". Cool Breeze + 0. Until about 1800, it was almost exclusively a written language, but now it is so widely spoken that most of the former German dialects are nearly extinct. and moderators, we have a number of professional volunteer English Es wird im Singular (=Einzahl) verwendet wenn keine bestimmte Person oder Sache gemeint ist. It may also refer to the rules of one relatively well-defined form of English (such as standard English for a region). Choosing "which" implies you know something already. Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 2 16,179 + 0. links to online dictionaries. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Usually, this is fine, but it can also be a little socially awkward if you don’t really have that background knowledge. During the 16th-century Italian Renaissance, the Questione della lingua was the discussion on the status and ideal form of the Italian language, initiated by Dante's de vulgari eloquentia (Pietro Bembo, Prose della volgar lingua Venice 1525). You could ask either of these questions: Here, “which” implies you have already narrowed down the options based on previous knowledge. Linguists tend to view prescriptive grammars as having little justification beyond their authors' aesthetic tastes, although style guides may give useful advice about standard language employment, based on descriptions of usage in contemporary writings of the same language.  Thus, grammar is the cognitive information underlying language use.
Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Formal grammars are codifications of usage which are developed by repeated documentation and observation over time. A und an heißt im Deutschen ein, eine oder eines. In its earliest form, "grammar school" referred to a school that taught students how to read, scan, interpret, and declaim Greek and Latin poets (including Homer, Virgil, Euripides, and others). Arabic grammar emerged with Abu al-Aswad al-Du'ali in the 7th century. Knowing how to use “which” in a question means thinking about how much you already know. It's correct. They work for objects, qualities, or places, but they never work for people. Using it indicates you have some background information, as you can see in these example sentences: Because “what” indicates there are more options than “which,” the word you choose can subtly change the meaning of what you are saying. learning English. Articles cover topics from English You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. The main language used in primary schools, chosen by referendum within the local school district, normally follows the official language of its municipality. This kind of linguistic description contrasts with linguistic prescription, an attempt to actively discourage or suppress some grammatical constructions, while codifying and promoting others, either in an absolute sense or about a standard variety. Consider this example: In this case, the “what” question asks about the entire war and everything that happened during it. grammar, spelling and punctuation, through to language teaching, Because Latin words are quite (though not totally) self-contained, an intelligible Latin sentence can be made from elements that are arranged almost arbitrarily. Prescriptive grammar is taught in primary and secondary school. (Both have some inflections, and both have had more in the past; thus, they are becoming even less synthetic and more "purely" analytic over time.)
 However, no clear line can be drawn between syntax and morphology. Traditionally, the mental information used to produce and process linguistic utterances is referred to as "rules". A description, study, or analysis of such rules may also be referred to as a grammar. UsingEnglish.com is partnering with Gymglish to give you a free one-month trial of this online English training course. Once you know how to use “what” and “which” properly, you can express yourself clearly when people read between the lines. Latin has a complex affixation and simple syntax, whereas Chinese has the opposite. tips, exam tips and help with study skills. A reference book describing the grammar of a language is called a "reference grammar" or simply "a grammar" (see History of English grammars).
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