That meaning being the fact that the writer is expecting a birthday present next week from his wonderful uncle. However, without that essential clause, the reader is left wondering why in the world this woman is going to get a big surprise when she gets home. Thanks! Simply put, you use that for essential clauses and which for everything else.
Our yard, which has the big rose bushes, could use a good mowing. Become a better writer. If you remember, a clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate. Let’s say you’re writing for the school newspaper about a big football game coming up. Now, in the second sentence, you have already established what the booklet is for in the first sentence. You need to be sure of what are you intending to say in the sentence, and whether or not the specifics that you are including in the sentence are important. So far we have covered how to determine if something you are reading is correct. Magoosh blog comment policy: To create the best experience for our readers, we will only approve comments that are relevant to the article, general enough to be helpful to other students, concise, and well-written! In this sentence, the clause marked in bold lettering is nonessential because you could remove it and the sentence wouldn’t lose its essential meaning. The big rose bushes are almost an afterthought. What booklet? Which or that? Our yard that has the big rose bushes could use a good mowing. I had an idea ___ is new for me, of how we could decorate for the dance.
See how many you can get right.
© 2020 Professional Writing. : In scholasticism, Ockham advocated reform in both method and content, the aim of which was simplification. I won’t tell you which one is correct though. If you took out the clause, the reader would still have “Our yard could use a good mowing.” This makes the clause in this sentence nonessential which means it should start with the word which. My uncle, who lives on a horse ranch, is going to bring my birthday present next week. When it’s used in a sentence, it is an essential part of that sentence. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary is one of the authorities giving this practice their seal of approval. The biggest of them was 20 pounds. The woman will get a big surprise when she gets home. I know it can be tricky but basically, the rule of thumb is if the clause can be taken out of the sentence and still keep the sentence’s meaning, use which. Due to the high volume of comments across all of our blogs, we cannot promise that all comments will receive responses from our instructors. The one I’m talking about is the grammatical clause. In this sentence, the reader is led to believe that there is only one yard. It specifies which yard needs mowing. Sign up or log in to Magoosh Professional Writing. (Good luck with that one!) But still, most people really do not understand the proper use of these two leaders of clauses. As you can probably guess, the nonessential clause carries that name because you could remove it from a sentence and the sentence would be just fine without it. OK, it was more like a day and a half. Sales Copywriting: 3 Tips to Anticipate Buyer Concerns. The answers are below the questions. Let’s see how you do. You would also put a comma to separate the clause from the rest of the sentence. Well, I’m here today to clear all of that up. Only two other 1297 exemplifications survive, one of which is held in the UK's National Archives. Sometimes, if you have already used ‘that’ in a sentence, you may choose to write ‘which’ in order to avoid repetition of the word ‘that’. Find out more here.
All Rights Reserved. However, most professional writers, especially legal writers, still adhere to the rules outlined here, and I recommend you do too. Yes, there is a Santa Claus, but that’s not the one we’ll be discussing today. I bring up the subject of clauses because they are essential in understanding whether to use which vs. that in any given sentence. A correspondent in 1986 wanted us to help him choose between two sentences containing of which; he had used of which to refer to the word house, he said, and had not used whose because it is "not formal". Therefore, it is an essential clause and needs to begin with the word that.
The fact that the booklet contains the plays for the big game is essential information. The essential clause is also known as the restrictive or defining clause. The one I’m talking about is the grammatical clause.
Here are some more sentences so you can practice a little. In the first sentence, we would use that because the clause at the end of the sentence is essential to the sentence itself. If you were to remove the essential clause, the meaning of the sentence would change dramatically. Can You End a Sentence with a Preposition? The clause at the end of the second sentence is now nonessential. In this sentence, ‘which’ is used because ‘that’ was already used and you cannot write two ‘that’ words in a sentence.
Every sentence has at least one clause in it. You see the difference? Stanley, the running back, was out sick so his friend Freddie brought him a copy of the booklet, which contained the plays.
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